10/06/2015

God's Triumph Over the Nations (Isaiah 24-27), 1-39

Outline of Isaiah 1-39:
  • 1-5: The problem: A lack of servanthood.
  • 6: The solution: The call to servanthood.
  • 7-39: Lessons in trust, the basis of servanthood.
7-12 (739 BC): God or Assyria. No Trust (Ahaz). Thus the need to learn lessons in trust.
13-23: God's judgment on the nations--Don't trust the nations.
24-27: God's triumph over the nations--God is the sovereign actor on the stage of history.
28-33: Woe to those who trust the nations, who do not trust and wait on God.
34-35: Trusting God or the nations--Results.
36-39 (701 BC): God or Assyria. Trust (Hezekiah).
Isaiah 24-27 has been titled by various commentators as:
  • God's Final Victory.
  • God's Triumph Over the Nations.
  • God is the Sovereign Actor on the Stage of History.
  • Trusting Now in God, Who Will Reign Over All.
  • Two Cities in Contrast: Endurance Through to Glory.
  • The Little Apocalypse (or The Isaiah Apocalypse).
Isaiah 13-23 has been titled:
  • God's Judgment of the Nations.
  • Don't Trust the Nations.
  • Messages for the Nations.
  • The Oracles of Judgment.
  • Lord of the Nations (ch.13-27).
  • The Kingdom Panorama: The Whole World in His Hands (ch.13-27).
  • The Supremacy of God Over the Nations (ch.13-27).
After viewing the separate nations in Isaiah 13-23, now the world as a whole comes into view in Isaiah 24-27. Isaiah writes about the downfall of supernatural as well as earthly enemies (Isa 24:21-22; Eph 6:12; Isa 27:1). They contain one of only a few clear promises of bodily resurrection in the OT (Isa 26:19; 25:8; Dan 12:2; Job 19:25-26). But this wider scene is still viewed from Isaiah's own vantage-point of Jerusalem, with Judah, Moab (Isa 25:10-12) and the great powers of Egypt and Assyria (Isa 27:12-13) in the near and middle distance. Overwhelming as the judgments are, the dominant note is of joy, welling up in the songs which frequently break into the prophecy.